Yale School of Nursing, Yale University's Graduate Nursing Programs

Holly Powell Kennedy, PhD, CNM, FACNM, FAAN

kennedyExecutive Deputy Dean & Helen Varney Professor of Midwifery

Yale School of Nursing - Rm 32306
Yale University West Campus
P.O. Box 27399
West Haven, CT 06516
USA

holly.kennedy@yale.edu

203.737.1302
203.785.6455 fax

About
As an internationally known midwifery researcher and leader Dr. Kennedy is the first person to be appointed as the Varney Professor of Midwifery at Yale in 2009. She came to the position with broad experiences as a clinician, researcher, educator, policymaker and leader in a variety of settings. Collectively these experiences have shaped her current vision of academic and clinical scholarship in US maternal-child health care.

She is Past-President of the American College of Nurse-Midwives (ACNM), the professional association representing Certified Nurse-Midwives and Certified Midwives in the US.

Dr. Kennedy received a diploma in nursing from Miami Valley Hospital School of Nursing, Dayton, Ohio, a bachelor's degree from Chaminade University, Honolulu, HI, a master's degree as a family nurse practitioner from the Medical College of Georgia, a certificate of midwifery from the Frontier School of Midwifery & Family Nursing, Hyden, KY and a doctorate in nursing from the University of Rhode Island. She has held academic positions at the University of Rhode Island and most recently at the University of California San Francisco. She holds visiting faculty appointments at King's College London and the University of Basel, Switzerland.

Dr. Kennedy's program of research is rooted in her clinical and educational experiences during which she was challenged by a prevailing lack of trust in and fear of childbirth. Her research is committed to understand the links between "how" care is provided during pregnancy and birth with clinical and social outcomes. Part of her work has culminated in a conceptual framework of midwifery care reflecting (a) the relationship between the woman and the midwife, (b) orchestration of an environment of care by the midwife to meet the woman's needs, and (c) life journeys, or outcomes for both, that go beyond usual perinatal measures. She has employed mixed methods to examine the provision of care in complex settings and with various models. She has been instrumental in developing the concept of "optimality" in maternity care which strives to achieve the maximal outcome with minimal intervention in the context of the woman's obstetrical, medical, and social background. Her future work will examine cultural issues in applying evidence supporting low-interventive care in complex birth settings and shared decision-making among women and clinicians about birth care. 

Research Interests
Linking practice to outcomes, barriers to evidence-based practice, shared decision-making.

Selected publications
Kennedy, H. P. (Ed.). (in press). Forward: Birth ambassadors: Doulas and the re-emergence of woman-supported childbirth in the United States. Nashville, TN: Vanderbilt University Press.

 

Kennedy, H. P., & Camacho Carr, K. (in press). Using evidence to support clinical practice. In K. Schuiling & F. Likis (Eds.), Women’s gynecologic health (2nd ed.).

 

Kennedy, H. P., Doig, E., Hackley, B., Leslie, M. S., & Tillman, S. (in press). “The midwifery two-step”: A study on evidence-based midwifery practice. Journal of Midwifery and Women’s Health.

 

Kennedy, H. P., Stalls, S., Kaplan, L. K., Grenier, L., & Fujioka, A. (in press). Thirty years of global outreach by the American College of Nurse-Midwives. Maternal Child Nursing.

 

Kennedy, H. P., & Waldman, R. (in press). The long and winding road to effective collaboration. Obstetric Clinics of North America.

 

Nosek, M., Kennedy, H. P., & Gudmundsdottir, M. (in press). Distress during the menopause transition: A rich contextual analysis of midlife women’s narratives. SAGE Open.

Waldman, R. N., Kennedy, H. P., & Kendig, S. (in press). Collaboration in maternity care possibilities and challenges. Obstetric Clinics of North America.

Kennedy, H.P., Doig, E., Hackley, B., Leslie, M.S., Tillman, S. (2012). “The midwifery two-step”: a study on evidence-based midwifery practice. Journal of Midwifery and Women’s Health, 57, 454-60.

Kennedy, H.P., Stalls, S., Kaplan, L.K., Grenier, L., Fujioka, A. (2012). Thirty years of global outreach by the American College of Nurse-Midwives. Maternal Child Nursing, 37(5), 290-295.

Waldman, R.N., Kennedy, H.P., Kendig, S. (2012). Collaboration in Maternity Care Possibilities and Challenges. Obstetric Clinics of North America, 39, 435-44.

Novick, G., Sadler, L.S., Knafl, K.A, Groce, N.E., & Kennedy, H.P. (2012). In a hard spot: providing group prenatal care in two urban clinics. Midwifery, 23(2), 589-603.

Novick, G., Sadler, L.S., Kennedy, H.P., Groce, N.E., & Knafl, K.A.  (2012). The intersection of everyday life and group prenatal care for women in two urban clinics. The Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved, 23(2), 589-603.

Nosek, M., Kennedy, H.P., & Gudmundsdottir, M. (2012). Chaos, restitution and quest’: one woman’s journey through menopause. Sociology of Health & Illness, 34(7), 994-1009.

Beaulieu, R, Kools, S.M., Kennedy, H.P, & Humphreys J. (2011). Young adult couples’ decision making regarding emergency contraceptive pills. Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 43(1), 41-8.

Beaulieu, R. Kools, S.M., & Kennedy, H.P. (2011). “Misconceptions about missed conceptions: the meanings of emergency contraceptive pills (ECP) Use Among Young Adult Couples.” Journal of Family Nursing, 17(4), 463-84.

Kennedy, H.P., Farrell, T., Paden, R., Hill, S., Jolivet, R., Cooper, B.A., & Rising SS (2011). A randomized clinical trial of group prenatal care in two military settings. Military Medicine, 176(10), 1169-77.

Dixon, L., Fullerton, J., Begley, C., Kennedy, H.P., Guilliland, K. (2011). Systematic review: the clinical effectiveness of physiological (expectant) management of the third stage of labour following a physiological labour and birth. International Journal of Childbirth, 1(3), 179-195.

Kurth, E., Kennedy, H.P., Spichiger, E.H., Osli, I., & Stutz, E.Z. (2011). Crying babies, tired mothers what do we know? A systematic review. Midwifery, 2, 187-194.

Novick, G., Sadler, L.S., Kennedy, H.P., Cohen, S.S., Groce, N.E., & Knafl, K.A. (2011). Women’s experience of group prenatal care. Qualitative Health Research, 1, 97-116.

Beaulieu, R, Kools, S.M., Kennedy, H.P, & Humphreys J. (2011). Young adult couples’ decision making regarding emergency contraceptive pills. Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 43(1), 41-8.

Beaulieu, R. Kools, S.M., & Kennedy, H.P. (2011). “Misconceptions about missed conceptions: the meanings of emergency contraceptive pills (ECP) Use Among Young Adult Couples.” Journal of Family Nursing, 17(4), 463-84.

Kennedy, H.P., Farrell, T., Paden, R., Hill, S., Jolivet, R., Cooper, B.A., & Rising SS (2011). A randomized clinical trial of group prenatal care in two military settings. Military Medicine, 176(10), 1169-77.

Dixon, L., Fullerton, J., Begley, C., Kennedy, H.P., Guilliland, K. (2011). Systematic review: the clinical effectiveness of physiological (expectant) management of the third stage of labour following a physiological labour and birth. International Journal of Childbirth, 1(3), 179-195.

Santoro, P. W., & Kennedy, H. P. (2011). Furthering the educational preparation of all advanced practice nursing. Nursing Outlook, 59, e2.

Waldman, R. N., & Kennedy, H. P. (2011). Collaborative practice between obstetricians and midwives. Obstetrics & Gynecology, 118, 503-504.

Kennedy, H. P., Leap, N. & Anderson, T. (2010). Midwifery presence: Philosophy, science, and art. In D. Walsh & S. Downe (Eds.), Essential Midwifery Practice: Intrapartum Care. Oxford: Elsevier.

Nosek, M., Kennedy, H.P., & Gudmundsdottir, M. (2010). Silence, stigma, and shame: a postmodern analysis of distress during menopause. Advances in Nursing Science, 33(3), E24-36.

Palacios, J. & Kennedy, H.P. (2010). Reflections of Native American teen mothers. Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, & Neonatal Nursing, 39(4), 425-34. (PMCID: PMC2909384)

Neumann, Y. & Kennedy, H.P. (2010). Homestyle midwifery: lessons learned on bringing home to the hospital birth setting. Journal of Midwifery and Women’s Health, 55(3), 273-6.

Kurth, E., Spichiger, E., Cignacco, E., Kennedy, H. P., Glanzmann, R., Stähelin, K. et al. (2010). Predictors of excessive crying in the early postpartum period. Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, & Neonatal Nursing, 39(3), 250-62.

Nosek, M., Kennedy, H.P., Beyene Y, Taylor, D., Gilliss, C., & Lee, K. (2010). The Effects of Perceived Stress and Attitudes Toward Menopause and Aging on Symptoms of Menopause. Journal of Midwifery and Women’s Health, 55(4), 328-34.

Lyndon, A. & Kennedy, H. P. (2010). Perinatal safety: From concept to nursing practice. Journal of Perinatal and Neonatal Nursing24(1), 22-31.

Beddoe, A. E., Lee, K. A., Weiss, S. J., Kennedy, H. P. & Yang, C. P. (2010). Effects of mindful-yoga on sleep in pregnant women: A pilot study. Biological Research for Nursing11(4), 363-370.

Kennedy, H.P., Grant, J., Walton, C., Shaw-Battista, J., Sandall, J. (2010). Normalizing birth in England: a qualitative study. Journal of Midwifery and Women’s Health, 55(3), 262-269.Lyndon, A. & Kennedy, H. P. (2010). Perinatal safety: From concept to nursing practice. Journal of Perinatal and Neonatal Nursing24(1), 22-31.

Sanchez-Birkhead, A.C., Kennedy, H.P., Callister, L.C., Miyamoto, T.P. (2010). Navigating a new health culture: experiences of immigrant Hispanic women. Journal of Immigrant & Minority Health, 13(6), 1168-1174.Beddoe, A. E., Lee, K. A., Weiss, S. J., Kennedy, H. P. & Yang, C. P. (2010). Effects of mindful-yoga on sleep in pregnant women: A pilot study. Biological Research for Nursing11(4), 363-370.

Kennedy, H. P., Leap, N. & Anderson, T. (2010). Midwifery presence: Philosophy, science, and art. In D. Walsh & S. Downe (Eds.), Essential Midwifery Practice: Intrapartum Care. Oxford: Elsevier.

Kennedy, H. P., Nardini, K., McLead-Waldo, R. & Ennis, L. (2009). A discourse analysis of top selling childbirth advice books. Birth36(4), 318-324.

Beddoe, A. E., Yang, C. P., Kennedy, H. P., Weiss, S. J. & Lee, K. A. (2009). The effects of mindfulness-based yoga during pregnancy on maternal psychological and physical distress.JOGNN: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing38(3), 310-319.

Kennedy, H. P., Farrell, T., Paden, R., Hill, S., Jolivet, R., Willetts, J. & Schindler Rising, S. (2009). "I wasn't the only one": Women's experience of group prenatal care in the military. Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health54(3), 176-183.

Kennedy, H. P. (2009). "Orchestrating normal": The conduct of midwifery in the United States. In R. Davis-Floyd, L. Barclay, & J. Tritten (Eds.), Birth Models that work. Berekeley, CA: University of California Press.

Kennedy, H. P. (2009). Tales from the hospital. In D. Walsh & S. Byrom (Eds.), Birth stories for the soul: Tales from women, families, and childbirth professionals. London: Quay Books.

Kennedy, H. P., Nardini, K., McLead-Waldo, R. & Ennis, L. (2009). A discourse analysis of top selling childbirth advice books. Birth36(4), 318-324.

Beddoe, A. E., Yang, C. P., Kennedy, H. P., Weiss, S. J. & Lee, K. A. (2009). The effects of mindfulness-based yoga during pregnancy on maternal psychological and physical distress.JOGNN: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing38(3), 310-319.

Kennedy, H. P., Farrell, T., Paden, R., Hill, S., Jolivet, R., Willetts, J. & Schindler Rising, S. (2009). "I wasn't the only one": Women's experience of group prenatal care in the military. Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health54(3), 176-183.

Kennedy, H. P. (2009). "Orchestrating normal": The conduct of midwifery in the United States. In R. Davis-Floyd, L. Barclay, & J. Tritten (Eds.), Birth Models that work. Berekeley, CA: University of California Press.

Kennedy, H. P. (2009). Tales from the hospital. In D. Walsh & S. Byrom (Eds.), Birth stories for the soul: Tales from women, families, and childbirth professionals. London: Quay Books.

Murphy, P. A., Fullerton, J. T., Carr, C., Cragin, L., Kennedy, H. P. & Low, L. K. (2009). Mode of delivery: Toward responsible inclusion of patient preferences. Obstetrics & Gynecology113(1), 230.

Kennedy, H. P., Lockwood, C. J. & Funai, E. (2009). Media out of focus on midwifery. New Haven Register.

Kennedy, H. P. & Lydon, A. (2008). Tensions and teamwork in nursing and midwifery relationships.JOGNN: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing37(4), 426-435.

Kennedy, H. P., Fisher, L. T., Fontaine, D. & Martin-Holland, J. (2008). Diversity in nursing education: A multi-layered study. Journal of Transcultural Nursing19(4), 363-370.

Shannon, M., Kennedy, H. P. & Humphreys, J. C. (2008). HIV-infected mothers' foci of concern during the viral testing of their infants. Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care,19(2), 114-126.

Kennedy, H. P., Gardiner, A., Gay, C. & Lee, K. A. (2007). Negotiating sleep: A qualitative study of new mothers. Journal of Perinatal and Neonatal Nursing21(2), 114-122.

Chuahorm, U., Sripichyakarn, K., Tungpunkom, P., Klunklin, A. & Kennedy, H. P. (2007). Fear and suffering during childbirth among Thai women. Thai Journal of Nursing Research11(1), 49-61.

Shannon, M., King, T. & Kennedy, H. P. (2007). Allostasis: A theoretical framework for understanding and evaluating perinatal health outcomes. Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, & Neonatal Nursing36(2), 125-134.