Victoria M. Pak, PhD, RN, MSN, MTR

Victoria M. Pak

Assistant Professor of Nursing

Yale School of Nursing - Room 20104

phone: 203-737-5065
fax: 203-785-6455



Victoria Pak’s undergraduate, graduate (MS, MTR, PhD) and post-doctoral training are from the University of Pennsylvania. Prior to coming to Yale School of Nursing, she was a research associate of medicine faculty at the Center for Sleep and Circadian Neurobiology, University of Pennsylvania, Perelman School of Medicine.

She received a master’s degree in translational research (MTR) from the Institute for Translational Medicine and Therapeutics, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania. Dr. Pak previously completed traineeships in occupational and environmental health and sleep medicine in her pre- and post-doctorate at the University of Pennsylvania. She was supported by an Educational Occupational Environmental Health grant (T01 OH008417 NIH/NIOSH PI: Linda McCauley) and another training grant during her post-doctoral fellowship in Sleep Medicine (T32HL007713, PI: Allan Pack NIH/NHLBI).

Dr. Pak received the Young Investigator Honorable Mention Award from the American Academy of Sleep Medicine in 2016.  She was funded by an R00 NIH Pathway to Independence Award and received an Early Career CVSN Travel Award from the American Heart Association in 2015.

Research Interests/Clinical Practice

Research Interests

Dr. Pak was a recipient of a pre-doctoral National Research Service Award from the National Institute of Health (F31:1-F31-NR011385-01, 2009-2011) for a quantitative biomarker study in the area of occupational and environmental health. In her post-doctorate she received an NIH Pathway to Independence Award (K99/R00: 1K99NR014675-01, 2013-2018) for research exploring the genetic and biological mechanisms of sleepiness symptoms in sleep apnea and cardiovascular disease.

Dr. Pak’s research has been funded by the NIH (F31, K99/R00), Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public health, Sigma Theta Tau International Honor Society, ENRS, Biobehavioral Research Pilot award, American Nurses Foundation, Clinical and Translational Research Core, and Mayo Clinic Metabolomics core pilot grant (U24DK100469 NIDDKD). Her current research projects will provide insight into the underlying mechanisms of sleepiness symptoms and risk for cardiovascular disease, which will allow for the development of novel therapeutic strategies.

Selected Publications/Presentations


Masterson, R., Pak, VM, Verasse, M., Dinges, D., Wald, J., Riegel, B. (2016). “Determinants of Behavioral Alertness in Adults with Heart Failure.” Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine. Apr 15;12(4):589-96.

Fannie, O. Lalanne, C., Pak, VM, Gooneratne, N., Falissard, B., Onen, S. (2016). A 3-item Instrument for Measuring Daytime Sleepiness: The Observation and Interview Based Diurnal Sleepiness Inventory (ODSI). Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine. 12(4):505-12.  

Liu, J., Liu, X., Pak, VM., Wang, Y., Yan, C., Pinto-Martin, J., Dinges, D. (2015). Early Blood Lead Levels and Sleep Disturbance in Preadolescence. Sleep, 38(12):1869-74.

Pak, VM., Keenan, B. Jackson, N., Grandner, M. et al., Pack, A. (2015). Adhesion Molecule Increases in Sleep Apnea: Beneficial Effect of Positive Airway Pressure and Moderation by Obesity. International Journal of Obesity (London). 39(3):472-9. 

Pak, VM., Grandner, M., Pack, A. (2013). Circulating Adhesion Molecules in Sleep Apnea and Cardiovascular Disease. Sleep Medicine Reviews. 18(1):25-34.

Grandner, M., Sands, M., Pak, VM., Garland, S. (2013). Sleep Duration, Cardiovascular Risk, and Pro-Inflammatory Biomarkers. Nature and Science of Sleep. 5:93-107.

Pak, VM., Powers, M., Liu, J. (2013). Occupational Exposures Among Cosmetologists: Risks of Reproductive Disorders. Workplace Health and Safety. 61(12):522-8.

Pak, VM., Souders, M. (2012). Advancing the Science of Environmental Exposures During Pregnancy and the Gene-Environment through the National Children’s Study. Journal of Obstetric and Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing. 41(6):846-53.

Muniz, J., McCauley, L.M., Pak VM. Lazarev, M. (2011). Effect of Sample Collection and Storage Conditions on DNA Damage in Buccal Cells from Agricultural Workers.  Mutation Research.  720(1-2):8-13. 

Grandner, M., Jackson, N., Pak, VM. Gehrman, P. (2011) Sleep Disturbance is Associated with Cardiovascular and Metabolic Disorders. Journal of Sleep Research. 21(4):427-33.

Pak VM., Watkins, M., McKenzie, JG. (2011). What is the Role of Thiurams in Allergy to Natural Rubber Latex Products? Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine. 54(5):649-50.


Pak, VM, Keenan, B., Mazzotti, D., Hirotsu, C., Gehrman, P., Bittencourt, L., Pack, A., Tufik (2016). Candidate Gene Analysis in the São Paulo Epidemiologic Sleep Study (EPISONO) Shows an Association of Inflammatory Gene PDE4D and Sleepiness. APSS abstract, Denver, Colorado.

Pak, VM, Onen, H., Gooneratne, N., Onen, F. (2014) “Observational Diurnal Sleepiness Inventory” Aging & Sleep, Lyon France.